When it comes to New Years Resolutions 60% of us suffer from The False Hope Syndrome. Find out how to make sure you’re not making the same mistakes each year!
Happy New Year!
We’re 3 days in and for a lot of us, things are pretty much the same as they were 3 days ago. Same job, same friends, same surroundings. The only difference is that we’ve promised ourselves that 2017 will bring with it a deep and meaningful personal change. We’ll stop smoking, stop splurging, travel more, worry less, eat healthily and pursue our dreams.
Every year 40-50% of Americans and 60-70% of Brits make New Year’s resolutions and unsurprisingly studies show that most of us make the exact same promises to ourselves year in and year out. More specifically, 60% of us suffer from what researchers call The False Hope Syndrome (Polivy & Herman 2002), vowing on average 10 times to keep a resolution we’ve failed at sticking to in previous years. It’s certainly admirable that in the face of certain failure we remain optimistic. We believe that by simply learning from our past mistakes, by making a few changes here and there that we’ll become the person that we’ve always wanted to be.
But what if, instead of engaging in this never-ending cycle of misplaced optimism that we join the percentage of people who actually see their resolutions come to fruition (those people do exist)? Psychology points to 4 main reasons why you’re unable to stick to your resolutions (and how you can fix it!)…
1. Your goals are not Self-Concordant
Have you ever asked yourself why something had made it to your list of resolutions? The self-concordance of goals reflects the degree to which they are consistent with your own personal developing interests and values. Say for example you have resolved to learn how to play the guitar this year. Do you want to learn to play the guitar because you genuinely have a passion for it, or is it really because your ex-girlfriend’s obsession with John Mayer was always a sore sport for you? If it’s the latter it’s likely that come summer time, you would have lost your trusty guitar pick and your strings will be collecting dust.
A study by Deci & Ryan (2000) found that you have little chance of realising your resolutions if your reason for pursing them are:
External: Because somebody else wants you to do it Introjected: Because you would feel ashamed, guilty, or anxious if you didn’t.
You’re significantly more likely to achieve your goals if they are self-concordant i.e. if they are: Identified: It’s something you really believe that it is an important goal to have Intrinsic: The fun and enjoyment which the goal will provide is the primary reason for having it and you’re simply interested in the experience itself.
2. Your list of resolutions is all wrong
Many people fail to keep their New Year’s resolutions because they’re structuring their goals incorrectly. According to researchers Baumeister & Heatherton (1996) and Austin & Vancouver (1996), some of the key mistakes that you’re making with your New Year’s resolution list is that:
You’ve set too many goals – if you’re planning to make 32 major life style changes this year more than likely, come 2018 you’ll find yourself bitterly disappointed. There is such thing as too much of a good thing. Start with 3 resolutions and take it from there, you can always add more to the list as the year progresses.
You’ve set goals that conflict with one another – although it’s clear to most that resolving to save more money this year whilst also resolving to treat yourself to a new wardrobe full of designer pieces doesn’t make sense, we still make the mistake of filling our lists with contradictory goals. Before you commit to any resolutions ensure that they complement one another, this will only bolster your chances of success.
Your goals are set too far in the future – there’s nothing wrong with having a five-year plan but when it comes to New Year’s Resolutions a sure way to ensure success is to make sure that your list consists exclusively of proximal goals – Live in the hear and now!
3. You don’t have an action plan
So, you’ve made your list, you’ve ensured that your resolutions are specific, proximal, complimentary, challenging (yet realistic) and most importantly self-concordant. Now what? Well now you need to develop an action plan. Research into New Year’s resolvers found that people who engage in wishful thinking such as those who think they’ll achieve their goals through a combination of willpower and winging it will most likely fail (Norcross et al., 1989).
Making the list was the easy part.
Now you need to plan specifically when you’re going to initiate your goal pursuit and how you’re going maintain your pursuit in the face of obstacles and distractions (Gollwitzer, 1999). Speaking of plans, another reason why you’re not sticking to your resolution is because…
4. You’re not scheduling time to break your resolution
A recent study by Vale, Pieters & Zeelenberg (2015) compared people who had planned moments in which they would deviate from their goal pursuit and people who followed a rigid and strict plan. Essentially people who had cheat days vs those who didn’t. Surprisingly, results found that cheat days can:
a) Help regain self-regulatory resources b) Help maintain your motivation to pursue with regulatory tasks, and c) Have a positive impact on your mood
This all contributes to facilitate long-term goal-adherence. So, if you want to have that red velvet cupcake its ok, just as long as it’s on a day where you plan to be bad and not in the middle of the night after a day of eating nothing but kale and cayenne pepper.
Do you have any tips or tricks that help you stick to your New Year’s resolutions? Sound off in the comments below.
Fast Fashion is fast becoming a dirty business. Whilst reports suggest that Fast Fashion is the fastest growing sector of the entire apparel industry (FEE, 2017) it is also the second dirtiest industry in the world, surpassed only by Big Oil (Eco Watch, 2015). While these findings are shocking they’re unsurprising. Online and high street brands face a pressure to compete in a society where disposable incomes are on the decline whilst demand continues to climb. As a society, collectively we’ve become more conscious of the impact that our lifestyles are having on future generations as the threat of global warming can no longer be ignored. And yet, consumers continually experience cognitive dissonance when our purchases fail to match up to our environmental principles. In an effort to reduce this psychological torment, the Slow Fashion movement was born.
According to Clark (2008) slow fashion consists of three components; placing value on local resources and economies, transparency in the production system, and creating products with a longer usable life. Research has shown that consumers agree that the slow fashion movement is “an ideal situation that they would be striving to work toward” (Pookulangara & Shephard, 2013) but arguably one of the main factors holding consumers back from reaching their slow fashion goals is a lack of knowledge that both environmentally conscious and fashion forward brands actually exist.
One brand flying the flag of the Slow Fashion movement is KORLEKIE, a UK based luxury brand that combines hand woven fabrics & heritage techniques with sensual elegance. With a celebrity clientele that includes the likes of Alicia Dixon, Rita Ora and Tiwa Savage alongside features in i-D and Vogue KORLEKIE proves that utilising traditional craft techniques can give you a head start in the race to the top.
On the brand’s 4-year anniversary I was invited to the MADE BY KORLEKIE event, an archive of images and collections to introduce you to the story of KORLEKIE, hosted by Fvshion Dvting. Not only did I get the chance to see the stunning craftsmanship up close and personal, I was able to speak to KORLEKIE founder and creative director – Beatrice Newman. Taking her cue from Ghanaian Kente weavers, Newman has contemporised traditional weaving methods to produce unique and ornate structures that is simply unachievable in the fast fashion sector due to the sheer skill involved. When speaking to Newman I came to realise her Ghanaian heritage is literally interwoven into the fabric of the brand in more ways than one. Newman shares her middle name ‘Korlekie’ with her brand which translates to ‘Queen of Eagles’ by the Gaadangbe tribe in the eastern region of Ghana. Citing Grace Jones, the queen of androgyny herself, as one of her muses, Newman stated that the KORLEKIE woman is one that is unashamedly fierce, daring and takes a mindful approach to dressing.
Mindful dressing is a rapidly growing concept in the realm of slow fashion as consumers are gradually challenging the ‘treat yo self’ throw-away culture that encourages the temporary highs and lows of fast fashion purchases. Whilst its numerous advantages are somewhat undeniable, the sheer pace of fast fashion brands leaves it incapable of creating that personable experience that many consumers are craving.
Slow fashion brands like KORLEKIE have the advantage of a highly ethical and transparent business practice as well as a culturally rich background that, psychologically speaking allows consumers to forge genuine connections with every piece purchased. The result is the highly sought after ‘mindful shopping experience’ where need and beliefs can finally go hand in hand.
To see pieces from KORLEKIE’s latest collection visit their website here.
The Psychology of Fashion Blog™ Founder Shakaila Forbes-Bell was interviewed for CNN’s Colorscope -an award-winning series exploring our perception of color and its use across cultures, one shade at a time. It’s latest featured surrounded Fashions current IT-Colour ‘Safety Orange’, the focus of our current Colour Psychology Style Edit.
…. It is also considered a transitional color because it is associated with the change in season. Fashion psychologist and blogger Shakaila Forbes-Bell said the color has gained a lot of interest in recent years. “We see safety orange, as it is titled, up and down the catwalks for spring and summer 2018 especially in the New York shows like Tom Ford, Calvin Klein and Rihanna’s Fenty Puma,” she said. Forbes-Bell said it’s not surprising that orange is having a revival.
My journey into the field of Fashion Psychology officially began when I was accepted onto the Masters programme at University of the Arts London: London College of Fashion (LCF) in 2014. Since graduating and founding The Psychology of Fashion Blog™, I have been inundated with questions about the course, mostly from people who are unsure if they have the right background to be accepted. Luckily, LCF have since created an undergraduate version of the degree and I spoke to the course leader Dr Aurora Paillard who revealed how the course is going from strength to strength and how you can get a BSc in Psychology of Fashion
Shakaila: What inspired you to join London College of Fashion as the BSc Psychology for Fashion Professionals course leader?
Dr Aurora Paillard: I have always been fascinated by Psychology and intrigued by the mysterious world of Fashion. Working at London College of Fashion was a dream for me as I’ve been able to learn and observe Fashion in one of the best Fashion universities, while being able of using my knowledge in Psychology. I feel incredibly lucky and grateful to work in an amazing subject, surrounded by successful colleagues and in such great institution. I particularly like the idea of becoming the Course Leader of the first and unique undergraduate course of Psychology of Fashion.
What can potential students gain from a bachelor’s degree in Psychology for Fashion Professionals that they couldn’t from a pure Psychology degree?
At the end of the BSc (Hons) Psychology of Fashion, the students will have gained the same knowledge and skills that bachelors from a pure Psychology degree. On top of these Psychology skills, they will know how to applied these skills to the fascinating word of Fashion and would have spent three years evolving as a Psychology student in one of the most amazing Fashion nest, London College of Fashion.
What type of research are current students producing?
Students (and staff) are producing a very large panel of research where we apply any Psychology concept (Biological Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology, Mental Health) to Fashion. As an example, we’ve been running these projects since this September:
– Are people ready for Unisex clothing?
– The digital coming out: can Fashion and Social media help people with their coming out?
– Sensory integration in store: is there a link between brand equity and the use of senses in Fashion stores.
– Body image in people over 60 years old
– Well-being in Fashion students
What type of career can a degree in Psychology for Fashion lead to?
It is envisaged that graduates from this course and those who continue onto the MSc, will be highly sought across the fashion industry. They will possess the skills, knowledge and, moreover, the aptitude demanded by employers. Psychology is the scientific study of human behaviour so it can be applied in all contexts across the fashion industries and beyond. Some examples of potential graduate destinations are:
– a creative service-based industry which may be physical or virtual, start up or mature
– an entrepreneurial role in an existing organisation
– a business development role using in retail, design, production or media
– working in Research and Development in a leadership/management role within service and design-led industries
– a leadership/management role within an existing business or group
– establishing a new business venture
As the BSc (Hons) Psychology of Fashion is accredited by the British Psychology Society as an undergraduate course, the bachelor will be eligible (if they obtained a 2.1) to the Graduate Basis Charter Membership, which is the first step in becoming a Chartered member (i.e. a Psychologist). The BSc (Hons) Psychology of Fashion would be the most suitable undergraduate qualification in order to apply for a MSc related to Consumer Psychology and then become a Consumer Psychologist. Like any other BSc Psychology course, the BSc (Hons) Psychology of Fashion bachelors would be able to apply to any MSc Psychology in order to become Psychologist.
Can you give us a breakdown of what the course consists of?
The BSc (Hons) Psychology of Fashion breaks new ground. Students will learn how to apply psychological science in the context of fashion to enable an evidence-based understanding of human behaviour across the broad spectrum of the fashion industry. The scientific discipline of Psychology equips graduates with an extremely rich and diverse portfolio of skills and knowledge that gives them a distinct edge in the employment and entrepreneurial markets of the fashion and related industries. The curriculum sits at the forefront of knowledge demanded by the fashion industry, which is increasingly concerned with enhancing the human aspects of its provision. The BSc is a three-year course:
Year 1 (level 4)
The Introduction to Psychology of Fashion unit aims to introduce you to your course and its subject specialism, as well as to effective learning and studentship at undergraduate level. It will orientate you to the practices and knowledge base needed to understand your discipline. Students come from many diverse educational backgrounds and a part of this unit will enable to reflect on your own background and how that shapes the way you approach your course.
The Applications of Psychology in Fashion unit will consider how the application of psychology can make a positive difference in the fashion industries in general and in fashion business in particular. You will study theories and concepts from the core areas of psychology including individual differences, biological, cognitive, emotional, social, lifespan psychology, and discuss their application to develop solutions to real life issues in fashion.
Philosophy and Ethics in Research unit acknowledges the study and application of ethics is a fundamental component of any psychology programme. You will learn the fundamental elements of conducting research with human participants from philosophical and ethical perspectives. In doing so, you will understand how to adopt an ethical approach to conducting research in fashion business, and why a particular method of data analysis is preferable to another as a tool to interpret your results.
Introduction to Cultural & Historical Studies unit introduces the Cultural and Historical Studies approach to fashion and related areas. The unit provides a broad overview of the subject and introduces key concepts and ways of thinking that will form the basis of subsequent study. It will also inform decisions regarding the Cultural and Historical Studies unit that is chosen for future study.
The Collaborative Project unit introduces you to the research skills needed to understand human behaviour within the context of fashion and business. This unit will give you the opportunity to work collaboratively to identify an area of fashion business that interests you, and to investigate the links between your chosen topic and psychology. This will allow you to consolidate the knowledge and skills that you have already acquired, give you the opportunity to conduct research, and develop working relationships that are essential for employability.
Year 2 (level 5)
Cognition in Design and Innovation unit looks at cognitive psychology, which is concerned with how we make sense of the world from sensation, through perception, emotion, creativity, memory, thinking and reasoning, and communication. In this unit you will learn about the influence of cognitive processes on design and innovation using the concept of design thinking, which applies empathy and creativity to generate potential solutions to a given problem. You will gain understanding of how the processes and methods used in design to solve problems can lead to enhanced design practice and improved communication with designers.
The Fashion and Wellbeing unit is concerned with the concepts and theories of psychological wellbeing as applied in the context of fashion. It explores individual, societal and global issues including identity and body image, appearance and judgement, fashion and the environment, and the impact of technology. You will develop a strategy for enhancing your own wellbeing.
The Cultural & Historical Studies Option will be able to study a Cultural and Historical Studies option of your choice that will broaden and deepen your learning of areas relating to your interests in your chosen field. You will have the opportunity to participate in lectures, seminars and workshops with students from other courses within your School, and will read relevant academic texts and complete a formal academic essay for assessment.
The Consumer Psychology unit introduces you to concepts of consumer behaviour and psychology through investigation of how and why we buy fashion goods and services. You will investigate how consumer identity is formed, and develop your understanding of fashion psychographics and cross-cultural values and how these may inform fashion marketing practices. You will apply market research methods and evaluate consumer behaviour in different parts of the world.
In the Consultancy Project you will learn how to make effective decisions regarding which research methodologies are most appropriate given a particular research question. You will develop practical analysis skills through designing an investigation, collecting, exploring, analysing and interpreting data appropriately using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), or qualitative methods of analysis and interpretation. You will then carry out and write up a negotiated consultancy project in the context of fashion business.
Year 3 (Level 6)
In Future Thinking unit you will apply the knowledge and skills from Years 1 and 2 to critically appraise current fashion business in the context of product development and marketing, including cost-benefit analysis, affordances and the human/technology interface. You will apply strategic thinking to propose feasible future scenarios for an ethical and sustainable fashion industry.
Social Sustainability and Business Psychology unit explores how human resources need to be sustained and used effectively in the same way as other tangible and intangible organisational resources. You will examine the links between employee psychological wellbeing and motivation, productivity and innovation. You will learn how to prioritise employee wellbeing through workplace initiatives, and how to evaluate their effectiveness. In addition, you will study the role of psychology in the workplace including group and team behaviour, theories of leadership and management, communication and performance management.
The Final Major Project is a major piece of work and the culmination of your degree. It provides you with the opportunity to demonstrate the knowledge and skills acquired through your work on the course. Although this is an independent piece of work, you will be allocated a supervisor who will support and guide you through tutorials.
What are the minimum requirements for being accepted onto the course?
The standard minimum entry requirements for this course are:
Three A Level Passes at Grade B or above; preferred subjects include: sociology, biology, mathematics, English, philosophy, economics, politics, business studies and psychology (please note, Psychology A level needs to be passed at C or above).
or Distinction, Distinction, Merit at BTEC Extended Diploma (Preferred subjects) Art & Design;
or Distinction Foundation Diploma in Art and Design;
or Merit at UAL Extended Diploma;
or Access Diploma or ’120 tariff points from the Access to HE Diploma;
or 120 new UCAS tariff points (equivalent to 300 old UCAS tariff points) from a combination of the above qualifications or an equivalent full Level 3 qualification;
or equivalent EU or non-EU qualifications;
or 25 IB points.
and Six GCSE passes at grade A*-C Maths and English.
How do you apply?
As a Home student, you can apply through the UCAS webpage, using the University code U65 and the UCAS course code C800. The initial UCAS deadline is 15th January 2018. As an International student, you can also apply through UCAS or directly through LCF
Dr Aurora Paillard
Dr Aurora Paillard is the Course Leader for BSc Psychology for Fashion. She obtained a Master and a PhD in Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience. She is a BPS Chartered member and HEA Senior Fellow. After obtaining her PhD at the University of Grenoble (France), Aurora did two postdoctoral positions (at the Polytechnic School of Lausanne, Switzerland and the University of Manchester) and a Teaching Fellow at the University of Besancon (France). She then became a Course Leader of two Psychology programs at the pen University. She has been working at London College of Fashion since September 2016 as a Senior Lecturer in Psychology and Course Leader of the BSc (Hons) Psychology of Fashion. She teaches Applied Psychology to Fashion, Cognition Psychology, Social Cognition and Research Methods. Her research interests involve social and cognitive features related to body perception, multisensory integration and consumer psychology.
How often do we think about cultural differences when it comes to choosing your wardrobe? What may be ‘fashion-forward’ in one culture can be nonsensical and even out-right offensive in another. This week, we’ve seen how a political fashion choice got pop-sensation Katy Perry denied entry into China and subsequently booted from performing at the 2017 Victoria Secret fashion show. Whilst freedom of speech and correspondingly freedom of dress is a cornerstone of American politics, in other countries, certain choices can be career-damaging. No matter which side of the political fence you choose to sit, Perry’s outlandish and often times thought provoking dress sense is certainly ‘on-brand’. However, many would argue that adopting a ‘culturally aware’ sense of style is essential in our ever-growing multicultural society.
Colour is a key component in our styling choices and is also one that is drenched in cultural significance. In the 2005 paper ‘Are you selling the right colour? A Cross-Cultural Review of Colour as A Marketing Cue’, Mubeen M. Aslam notes that colour “influences consumer perceptions and preferences, purchase and consumption behaviour, and helps companies (re) position or differentiate from the competition. However, the notion of colour universality is fraught with risk. Sometimes companies fail simply because of inappropriate choice of product or package colours”.
In the field of psychology, the modern doctrine of ‘Individual Differences’ discusses the importance of acknowledging both sociological and environmental factors that cause people to respond differently to certain stimuli. This Colour Psychology style edit is all about this seasons IT colour – orange and in conducting my research I was enthralled by the sheer magnitude of differences that exist between cultures and how one hue could be interpreted so broadly.
For example, in Japanese and Chinese cultures, orange is associated with courage, happiness, love, and good health (Huffington Post). In the Netherlands, orange is the colour of the Dutch Royal family and therefore signifies wealth and prestige (Shutterstock). In Indian cultures, orange is considered to be a lucky, auspicious and sacred colour (Empowered By Colour)
Luckily, orange can be considered as a positive colour in many cultures for varying different reasons. But what if I was to wear this orange suit from Misguided or this orange jacket from Puffa in a country that deemed the colour to be distasteful? Given that our clothes often speak for us before we get a chance to utter a single word, are culturally specific colour interpretations something we should start to take more seriously? Does Individual Differences have a place in styling?
Introducing Orange, the next colour in our Colour Psychology Style series. Hailed as the new ‘Millennial Pink’, ‘Safety Orange’ was seen up and down the catwalks for Spring Summer 18 especially within the New York shows like Tom Ford, Calvin Klein and Fenty Puma.
Many Psychologists believe that our emotional responses to colours stem from our learned experiences with them. However, it is also believed that the characteristics of colours evoke physiological responses. As you may know, colours are categorised according to wavelengths. Studies have shown that long wave-length colours like orange induce feelings of high arousal (Goldstein, 1942) which activates the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) in the brain leading to increased heart rate, blood pressure, mobility and readiness to respond.
The aptly titled ‘Safety Orange’ most certainly gets its name from the use of the colour orange in uniforms worn by people working in potentially hazardous environments. In a study testing the visibility of safety clothing on the protection of personnel in highway construction, results indicated that participants detected another person significantly faster and from a father distance if they were wearing orange (more specifically red-orange) clothing (Turner, Simmons & Graham, 1997)
Whist it may not be your intention to emulate the style of construction workers, this research suggests that the colour orange literally has the power to stop people in their tracks. It’s a show-stopping hue that you should definitely add to your wardrobe for those moments when you intend on making a splash and want all eyes on you.
In fact, when I was shooting this entire orange edit I did get a host of lovely compliments from passing-by pedestrians that I am sincerely attributing to the attention-grabbing effect of the colour. This burnt-orange Kimono Sleeve Shift Dress from Missguided was one of my favourite pieces to shoot as it is true to size and has a subtle cowl neck front which I appreciate as any lower (which seems to be the norm these days) I felt, would have compromised the overall look. All-round, 10/10.
Do you have many orange pieces in your wardrobe? What are your general impressions of the colour?
Many stylists will tell you that vertical stripes have a slimming effect. Scientific research has proven this assumption to be false.
“Shakaila you really should wear vertical instead of horizontal stripes, you already have large breasts”.
I’ve received many a criticism in my 24 years of life but this one stuck with me ever since I heard it from a well-meaning colleague about 4 years ago. At the time, I never really realised the true extent of my love of stripes. Half of my wardrobe consisted of some sort of striped pattern – strangely most of them horizontal. Would I have to part with my penchant for the simple and elegant pattern because it made me look disproportionally large? I finally ended this rather nonessential period of contemplation upon discovering that the demonization of horizontal stripes is nothing but an old wife’s tale.
It’s a commonly held belief that when it comes to clothing, horizontal stripes have a widening effect. If you have a larger bottom half, stylists such as TV Personality Gok Wan recommend that a horizontal striped top will help to “balance you out” by broadening your chest to match.
However, research suggests that horizontal stripes have the complete opposite effect. In 1925, Hermann von Helmholtz created the Helmholtz illusion. He composed an image with two squares containing equally spaced stripes – one with vertical stripes and the other, horizontal. As shown in the image below, the square containing horizontal lines appears taller and narrower than the identical square made up of vertical lines. This illusion occurs because horizontal stripes have more “filled space” from top to bottom thus making it look taller and thinner than the same-sized square.
Moreover, research has found that the illusion holds when applied to the body. A 2011 study found that when participants observed pictures of identical mannequins wearing horizontal and vertical striped clothing, the mannequin wearing horizontal stripes “needed to be 10.7% broader to be perceived as identical to the one in vertical stripes” (Thompson & Mikellidou).
Given the near century old history of the Helmholtz illusion it’s unclear how the ‘Horizontal lines make you look fat’ trope has managed to gain such a reputation.
Styling is as much of an art form as it is a science so before you cast out a portion of your wardrobe – check the data.
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Psychology suggests that experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. A neat trick to increase sales? Hmm we see you Phoebe.
9. The effortlessness of Stella Mc Cartney
The sustainable designer has got casual luxury down to a science
8. Valentino’s space inspired collection
Elon Musk is pretty close to creating a commercial rocket to Mars so Valentino’s Pierpaolo Piccioli just had to make sure we humans make a fashionable first impression.
7. Alexander McQueen revamping the Mac
This classic piece was in dire need of an update
6. Balenciaga’s killer heels
No, Literally. One miss-step and these heels could be behind some police tape. No one said fashion was safe.
5. According to Givenchy, Fanny Packs are back
No pockets, no problem
4. Fringe fantastic at Elie Saab
Adding fringe to a look instantly adds drama.
3. Canerows on the runway at Off-White
It may seem trivial but seeing this hairstyle, one that is so grounded in culture, one that is often deemed as ‘unprofessional’ and ‘ghetto’, strutting down a runway in Paris makes our hearts sing. Thank you Virgil.
2. Rick Owens doing Rick Owens
Answer: Rick Owens Question: How far can one push the aesthetic
1. Every single look at Balmain
Everything Olivier Rousteing turns to gold. Waiting for the see-through mac to hit the high street in 3, 2, 1..
And 1 thing we didn’t like
1. The continued lack of diversity at Comme des Garçons